HERBS OF CHOICE Herbs are often used in combinations when combating an illness. Some of the most frequently used herbs are listed below.
|Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae|
Source: The root and rhizome of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, family Labiatae.
Indication: (a). Promote blood circulation to remove blood stasis: For cardiodynia, hypochodriac pain, abdominal pain, stomachache, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, lochiorrhea and trauma with blood stasis. Recently also used for ischemic apoplexy, disseminated intravascular coagulation, chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, etc. (B). Clear away heat, relieve vexation, nourish blood and tranquilize the mind: For seasonal febrile diseases involving yingfen and xuefen manifested as high fever, irritability, delirium and skin eruptions; for insanity attributive to blood stasis and heat; also for reslessness, frightening and insomnia due to heart-heat or insufficiency of heart-blood. (c). Cool the blood to relieve carbuncle: For carbuncles and pharyngitis.
Pharmacological Actions: (a). Its component tanshinone acts as a broad-spectrum bactericide, and also can dilate coronary artery and increase coronary flow. (b). Action on various blood clotting factors, increasing the level of cAMP in thrombocytes, inhibiting the aggregation of platelets, improving the rheological state of blood so as to impede the formation of thrombus.
Source:The rhizome of Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.)DC. or A. chinensis (DC.) Koidz., family Compositae.
Indication: (a). Deprive dampness and activate the spleen: For domonation of dampness and dampness-retention syndrome involving spleen-yang with fatigue, sleepiness, feeling of fullness and oppression in the chest and abdomen, abodomonal distension and turbid, thick and greasy fur; for domination of dampness with watery diarrhea. Also for downward attack of dampness with leucorrhagia and stranguria with turbid urine. (b). Expel wind and eliminate dampness: For arthralgia of dampness type with swelling and pain of joints, for those with prominent heat and those with prominent cold. (c). Promote sweating to expel cold from the body surface: For affection of exogenous wind-cold-dampness with chilliness, fever, heaviness and pain of the head and anhidrosis; also for dampness-toxin attacking the superficies, such as eczema and pustulosis. (d). Remove nebula to improve the visual acuity: For night blindness, cataract, internal and external oculopathy.
Pharmacological Actions: (a). Gastric perfusion of its decoction lowers the level of blood sugar in rabbits with alloxan diabetes, (b). Gastric perfusion of its decoction increases excretion of sodium and potassium in rats without diuresis. (c). Its volatile oil and other two active components, eudesmol and hinesol, inhibit the growth of esophageal cancer cells in vitro. (d). Clinically effective for the treatment of night blindness and keratomalacia resulting from lack of Vitamin A.
Radix Polygoni Multiflori
Source:Root tuber of polygonum multiflorum Thunb., family Polygonaceae. That prepared by drying is known as crude sample, and that prepared by steaming with the juice of black soya beans as prepared sample.
Indication: (a). Invigorate the liver and kin=dney, benefit essence and blood: For insufficiency of essence and blood manifested as baldness, backache with weakness of the knee joint, immovability of extremitis, hemiplegia and paraplegia; for blood-deficiency syndrome manifested as sallow complexion , palpitation, dizziness, tinnitus, numbness of the extremities, insomnia, dreaminess sleepiness, somnambulism, epilepsy, urticaria and dermatoxerasia; for hypofunction of liver and kidney with emission or leucorrhagia. Recently, also used for hypercholesterinemia and atherosclerosis. (b). Relax the bowels (crude herb): For constipation of asthenia-syndrome. (c). Clearaway tooxic material (curde herb): For scrofula, carbuncle, etc. In addition, the prepared herb is used for chronic malaria with deficiency of vital energy and blood.
Pharmacological Actions: (a). The prepared sample can promote lymphocyte transformation. (b). Reduceing serum cholesterol, and relieving atherosclerosis. (c). The crude sample is a purgative.