Autoimmune diseases

Guide: Whipples Disease

On this page:
What is Whipple's disease?
What causes Whipple's disease?
Who gets Whipple's disease?
What are the signs and symptoms of Whipple's disease?
How is Whipple's disease diagnosed?
How is Whipple's disease treated?
What is the likely outcome for people with Whipple's disease?
Points to Remember
Hope through Research
For More Information
What is Whipple's disease?
Whipple's disease is a rare bacterial infection primarily affecting the small intestine. It can also affect the heart, lungs, brain, joints, and eyes. Left untreated, Whipple's disease is fatal.

What causes Whipple's disease?

Bacteria called Tropheryma whipplei (T. whipplei) cause Whipple's disease. T. whipplei infection can cause internal sores, also called lesions, and the thickening of tissues. Villi, which are tiny fingerlike projections that line the small intestine, take on an abnormal, clublike appearance.

The damaged intestinal lining fails to properly absorb nutrients, causing diarrhea and malnutrition.

Scientists are unsure how T. whipplei infects people. One theory is that some people are more vulnerable to Whipple's disease--probably due to genetic factors that influence the body's immune system. This theory is supported by the existence of a relatively high number of asymptomatic carriers--people who have the bacteria in their bodies but don't get sick. Also, the bacteria are more common in the environment--showing up in soil and sewage wastewater--than would be predicted based on the rareness of the disease. And while multiple cases of Whipple's disease have occurred within the same family, no documentation exists of a person-to-person transmission.

Who gets Whipple's disease?

Anyone can get Whipple's disease, but it is more common in middle-aged Caucasian men.
What are the signs and symptoms of Whipple's disease?

Signs and symptoms of Whipple's disease vary widely.

Classic signs and symptoms of Whipple's disease include
periodic joint pain, with or without inflammation, that may persist for years before the appearance of other symptoms
chronic diarrhea, with or without blood
weight loss
abdominal pain and bloating
anemia--a condition in which the blood has a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells

Less common signs and symptoms of Whipple's disease include
darkening of the skin
enlarged lymph nodes
chronic cough
chest pain
pericarditis--inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
heart failure

Neurologic symptoms occur in some people diagnosed with Whipple's disease and can mimic symptoms of almost any other neurologic condition.

Neurologic symptoms of Whipple's disease include
Vision problems
Facial numbness
Muscle weakness or twitching
difficulty walking
Memory problems





Symptoms of neurologic, lung, or heart disease occasionally appear without gastrointestinal symptoms.
Continue to the treatment of Whipples
Services: About CIDPUSA.ORG We provide alternative information for treatment of autoimmune diseases. This is a 5000 page web site SEE SERVICES LINK