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 Autoimmune Diseases

 

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What Are Autoimmune Diseases?

The word "auto" is the Greek word for self. The immune system is a complicated network of cells and cell components (called molecules) that normally work to defend the body and eliminate infections caused by bacteria, viruses, and other invading microbes. If a person has an autoimmune disease, the immune system mistakenly attacks self, targeting the cells, tissues, and organs of a person's own body. A collection of immune system cells and molecules at a target site is broadly referred to as inflammation.

 The autoimmune reaction is directed against the brain in multiple sclerosis and the gut in Crohn's disease. In other autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus), affected tissues and organs may vary among individuals with the same disease. One person with lupus may have affected skin and joints whereas another may have affected skin, kidney, and lungs. Destruction of insulin-producing cells of the pancreas causes Type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Who Is Affected by Autoimmune Diseases?

 Autoimmune diseases afflict millions of Americans, strike women more often than men; in particular, they affect women of working age and during their childbearing years.

  Lupus is more common in African-American and Hispanic women. Rheumatoid arthritis and scleroderma affect  Native American communities .

    alternative treatments of  diseases, "Flame within contents".

 What Are the Causes of Autoimmune Diseases?

Are they contagious?  Autoimmune diseases do not spread to other people like infections.

Are they inherited? Inter marriage  affects people who get Pemphigus.. Certain diseases such as psoriasis can occur among several members of the same family. For example, one first cousin may have lupus, another may have dermatomyositis, and one of their mothers may have rheumatoid arthritis.
Examples of Autoimmune Diseases:
(Listed by the Main Target Organ)

 
Nervous System: Gastrointestinal System:
 Multiple sclerosis Crohn's Disease
 Myasthenia gravis Ulcerative colitis
 Autoimmune neuropathies Primary biliary cirrhosis
    such as Guillain-Barré Autoimmune hepatitis
 Autoimmune uveitis  
   Endocrine Glands:
 Blood: Type 1 or immune-mediated
 Autoimmune hemolytic anemia    diabetes mellitus
 Pernicious anemia Grave's Disease
 Autoimmune thrombocytopenia Hashimoto's thyroiditis
   Autoimmune oophoritis and
 Blood Vessels: orchitis
 Temporal arteritis Autoimmune disease of the
 Anti-phospholipid syndrome    adrenal gland
 Vasculitides such as  
    Wegener's granulomatosis Multiple Organs Including the
 Behcet's disease Musculoskeletal System:*
   Rheumatoid arthritis
 Skin: Systemic lupus erythematosus
 Psoriasis Scleroderma
 Dermatitis herpetiformis Polymyositis, dermatomyositis
 Pemphigus vulgaris Spondyloarthropathies such as
 Vitiligo ankylosing spondylitis
   Sjogren's syndrome
    
*These diseases are also called connective tissue (muscle, skeleton, tendons, fascia, etc.) diseases.

 

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