Stiff Girl Syndrome

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Stiff Girl Syndrome

A mother-of-three who suffers from an incredibly rare medical condition has compared herself to comic-book hero the Incredible Hulk after her muscles swelled five stone when it recently flared up.

Helen Stephens, 50, who suffers from one-in-a-million Stiff-Person Syndrome, knows that her ailment - which strikes in minutes - could prove deadly.

The grandmother from Wednesbury, West Midlands, suffered a major attack earlier this month and saw her weight shoot up a staggering five stone and neck swell by four inches.

In pain: Helen Stephens suffers from incredibly rare Stiff-Person Syndrome

She said: 'When I have a bad attack I swell up like the Hulk.

'I look enormous and I even call myself the Hulk, Arnie (Arnold Schwarzenegger) or Rambo. I'm like a bodybuilder.'

A seizure could leave her body frozen and permanently swollen if sh is not treated in time.

She was diagnosed with the syndrome after she began suffering spasms and walking problems after a car accident 14 years ago.

Doctors were initially mystified and she was even branded a hypochondriac as she searched for the answer to her ailments.

Half of patients are 'too scared' to challenge medical advice given by doctors, even when they think it's wrong

The syndrome was finally diagnosed in 2004 by the neurology team at Birmingham's City Hospital. She was put on diazepam to control the stiffness, pain and swelling.

But then came the hammer blow - it was terminal.

More than a decade on, the condition - which tears her muscles and sets them solid in response to triggers like noise and distress - has taken a terrible toll on Helen's body.

She said: 'My muscles tear at the same time and they increase in mass meaning my weight balloons.

'If I don't get an injection of diazepam quickly enough my whole body stiffens, leaving me unable to have any treatment because a needle will just snap.

'The symptoms in each person suffering from the condition can differ.'

Rare: The condition causes the mother-of-three's body to swell up and she can become 'frozen' if not treated quickly

Stiff-Person Syndrome afflicts twice as many women as men and is often misdiagnosed as a range of conditions, including Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis.

Recalling her battle for a diagnosis, Helen, a former social worker, said: 'I had never heard of this thing.

'But at last I had an answer about what I was suffering from. They believed I had something wrong with me.

'They told me it came in three stages and I was currently in the initial one. But it was terminal. It was devastating.'

Over the years, Helen found herself becoming reliant on a wheelchair and the spasms and stiffness began to worsen.
Life-changing: Helen, pictured as a child, left, was a petite size eight, right, before she was diagnosed with the condition following a car accident

'I gave the letter to staff but I was left on a bed for two hours without any treatment,' she said.

'I could have died. My condition means I can die if I don't have medication injected into me within minutes.

'My throat shuts down and my rib cage contracts, along with my heart, making it difficult to breathe and for blood to be pumped around my body.

'I explained this numerous times but I was left on a bed screaming in agony as everything in my body was ripping apart.

'They needed to get a canula into me so medication could be given on a regular basis to calm my symptoms.

'This had to be done before my muscles hardened and they only had a matter of minutes to do this.

'But it wasn't until a complaint was made that something was done.'

Helen said two carers complained to the patient liaison service, which contacted her former neurologist.

Swollen: Helen has said that the condition leaves her looking like the Incredible hulk, pictured, when she suffers an attack

She said: 'He called the A&E department and told them exactly what should be done. But I was as stiff as a rock by the time they put a line inside me.

'I was in unbearable pain and it was by far the worst seizure I have had. I've decided to speak out because I have had enough of medical staff not knowing about my condition.

'I cannot complain about the neurology team that has treated me over the years.

'They have been nothing short of brilliant. I was diagnosed by the City Hospital team and the doctors have saved my life on more than one occasion.

'But I cannot understand why the staff in the emergency department do not take notice of what I am saying. I want to raise awareness of this condition so people know about it.'

A Sandwell and West Birmingham NHS Hospital Trust spokeswoman said: 'The Trust is grateful to Ms Stephens for alerting us to her concerns about her care in the Accident and Emergency Unit.

'We are sorry she is not happy with the care she received.

'We understand she will be providing us with details as part of a formal complaint and, until we have completed the subsequent investigation, we are unable to comment further.'


Criteria SPS

SPS is diverse disease , it has been recently reported to cause seizures, encephalitis, myoclonic jerks, muscle stiffness on exercise or activity and thus makeing guidelines and trying to fit this condition within them is not a easy task.