What Are Autoimmune Diseases?
The word "auto" is the Greek word for self. The immune system is a complicated network of cells and cell components (called molecules) that normally work to defend the body and eliminate infections caused by bacteria, viruses, and other invading microbes. If a person has an autoimmune disease, the immune system mistakenly attacks self, targeting the cells, tissues, and organs of a person's own body. A collection of immune system cells and molecules at a target site is broadly referred to as inflammation.
The autoimmune reaction is directed against the brain in multiple sclerosis and the gut in Crohn's disease. In other autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus), affected tissues and organs may vary among individuals with the same disease. One person with lupus may have affected skin and joints whereas another may have affected skin, kidney, and lungs. Destruction of insulin-producing cells of the pancreas causes Type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Autoimmune diseases afflict millions of Americans, strike women more often than men; in particular, they affect women of working age and during their childbearing years.
Lupus is more common in African-American and Hispanic women. Rheumatoid arthritis and scleroderma affect Native American communities .alternative treatments of diseases, "Flame within contents".
What Are the Causes of Autoimmune Diseases?
Autoimmune disease can be caused by vitamin D deficiency. People who have multiple medical procedures, are in accidents , injuries ave increased risk of autoimmune diseases. Those who are Gluten intolerant are at increased risk of autoimmune diseases.
Are they contagious?Autoimmune diseases do not spread to other people like infections.
Are they inherited?
Are they inherited?Inter marriage affects people who get Pemphigus.. Certain diseases such as psoriasis can occur among several members of the same family. For example, one first cousin may have lupus, another may have dermatomyositis, and one of their mothers may have rheumatoid arthritis.
|Examples of Autoimmune Diseases:|
(Listed by the Main Target Organ)
|Nervous System:||Gastrointestinal System:|
|Multiple sclerosis||Crohn's Disease|
|Myasthenia gravis||Ulcerative colitis|
|Autoimmune neuropathies||Primary biliary cirrhosis|
|such as Guillain-Barré||Autoimmune hepatitis|
|Blood:||Type 1 or immune-mediated|
|Autoimmune hemolytic anemia||diabetes mellitus|
|Pernicious anemia||Grave's Disease|
|Autoimmune thrombocytopenia||Hashimoto's thyroiditis|
|Autoimmune oophoritis and|
|Temporal arteritis||Autoimmune disease of the|
|Anti-phospholipid syndrome||adrenal gland|
|Vasculitides such as|
|Wegener's granulomatosis||Multiple Organs Including the|
|Behcet's disease||Musculoskeletal System:*|
|Skin:||Systemic lupus erythematosus|
|Dermatitis herpetiformis||Polymyositis, dermatomyositis|
|Pemphigus vulgaris||Spondyloarthropathies such as|
|*These diseases are also called connective tissue (muscle, skeleton, tendons, fascia, etc.) diseases.|