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Breathing in air pollution from traffic fumes can raise the risk of potentially deadly blood clots, a US study says.

Exposure to small particulates - tiny chemicals caused by burning fossil fuels - is known to increase the chances of heart disease and stroke.

But the Harvard School of Public Health found it also affected development of deep vein thrombosis - blood clots in the legs - in a study of 2,000 people.

Researchers said the pollution made theblood more sticky and likely to clot.

The team looked at people living in Italy- nearly 900 of whom developed DVT.

Blood clots which form in the legs cantravel to the lungs, where they can becomelodged, triggering a potentially fatalpulmonary embolism.

The risk of DVT is known to be increasedby long periods of immobility. Inparticular, passengers on long-haul flightshave been shown to be vulnerable, but so arepeople who spend long periods of timesitting at their office desk withoutexercising, or walking around.

It's an exciting findingbecause air quality issomething we can improve onthrough tightening airquality legislation Dr Beverley Hunt, ofLifebloodResearchers obtained pollution readingsfrom the areas they lived and found thoseexposed to higher levels of smallparticulates in the year before diagnosiswere more likely to develop blood clots.

The Archives of Internal Medicine reportsaid for every 10 microgrammes per squaremetre increase in small particulates, therisk of developing a DVT went up by 70%.

Air quality guidelines generally statethat small particulate concentrations shouldnot exceed 50 microgrammes.


Risk factor

Lead researcher Dr Andrea Baccarellisaid: "Given the magnitude of the effects,our findings introduce a novel and commonrisk factor into the development of DVT.

"And, at the same time, they give furthersubstance to the call for tighter standardsand continued efforts aimed at reducing theimpact of urban air pollutants on humanhealth."

Dr Beverley Hunt, medical director of theDVT charity Lifeblood, said: "We have knownfor some time that air pollution has beenassociated with increased risk of heartattack and stroke.

"This study shows for the very first timethat air pollution also increases the riskof clots in the veins and tells us why.

"It's an exciting finding because airquality is something we an improve onthrough tightening air quality legislation."


The spice Anise has been found to increase lactation and aid in gastrointestinal issues. The essential oils found in the seeds are useful in destroying a variety of pathogens. Anise works well as a natural component for mouthwash and toothpaste, helping prevent gingivitis.

Anise has also been used for centuries in European herbalism to treat coughs and indigestion. An appetite stimulant and a digestive aid, anise also increases semen, cures disease caused by gas, and soothes fevers and burning sensations. Anise is an anodyne, it quenches thirst, cures eye diseases and wounds, and removes mucus from the intestines. Anise is also wormicide. It also helps the spleen, cures diseases caused by bile, and relieves vomiting

1. Anise Benefits for SkinAnise helps reduce the skin wrinkles, improves skin elasticity, heals old scars , covers blemishes .
Only take once a day in a tea it becomes toxic if consumed more than once and can cause death.

 2. Immune SystemAnise improves the immune system. The spice has antibacterial and antiviral effects. The spice has been used to treat bacterial infections of the stomach and other body parts for centuries. Perhaps most importantly, this spice appears to be effective against several antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains, making it very valuable to the pharmaceutical industry.

Organ effects 

 3. Respiratory Infections Anise helps in supporting respiratory health, so if you have a cough or a sore throat, or feel the early stirrings of the flu, a cup of anise tea may be able to sort out the inflammation rapidly and neutralize the underlying infection before more severe symptoms arise.

4. Sleep Issues Ansie has sedative properties and induce relaxation and sleep, making this spice valuable for people who have insomnia and regularly interrupted sleep patterns.

 5. Circulation Anise helps promote circulation and proper oxygenation of the body's extremities.

 6. Fungal Infections Anise has powerful anti-fungal properties. It has been a trusted natural remedy for many fungal infections, including Athlete's foot, ringworm, Candida, and other common strains. When we talk about the star anise tea benefits, a regular dosage of star anise tea can give your immune system the necessary boost against these pathogens.

7. Digestion Anise can help relieve bloating and excess flatulence while easing cramping and improving the bacterial balance in your gut for high nutrient uptake efficiency.

8. Hormones Anise In men, can provides an energy boost and increase sex drive, whereas, in women, it can regulate menstrual cycles, control mood swings, and other hormone-driven side effects of menstruation. 9. Cancer RiskAnise lower the risk of mutagenic effects in the body, leading to cancer cells and tumor formation.